Ofsted Inspections – October 2018 – Key Stage 2 Attainment

In this article series, we'll be looking at some of the "Outcomes for pupils" in Ofsted Judgements, in order to see what Ofsted inspectors are concentrating on. Specifically, we'll look at those judgements which overall were requires improvement. In this article, we'll be looking at comments regarding the end of Key Stage 2 Attainment from the 50 judgements released in October 2018. Figures in brackets relate to the number of comments made, and there may be more than one reference in a particular judgement. Attainment - Expected Standard There was naturally a high emphasis on the percentage of pupils getting the Expected Standard in Key Stage 2. Some comments (5) concentrated on reading, writing and maths combined: The proportion of pupils achieving the combined expected standard in reading, writing and mathematics at the end of Year 6 has improved but is still below the national average. and sometimes there was a comparison with previous year or years: Provisional results for 2018 show improvements ... but.continues to...
Read More

Primary IDSR – Areas to Investigate

In previous articles, we have looked at other pages in Ofsted's Inspection Data Summary Report (IDSR). In this article, we'll look at the first page, "Areas to investigate". In 2016, this used to be called "Strengths and Weakness", but is basically the same thing, categorized by Key Stage. Early Years and Phonics In 2017 there were no "Areas to Investigate" regarding Early Years, either the Good Level of Development or Early Learning Goals (despite there having been 2 Strengths and 1 Weakness in 2016). In 2017 there were 3 Areas to Investigate regarding Year 1 Phonics (90% or above, below 70%, and if more than 10 pupils do not pass), and none regarding Year 2 Phonics. Key Stage 1 For Key Stage 1, the following can be included in your "Areas to Investigate" for maths, reading or writing (note: not science): Attainment in SUBJECT was above average and in the highest 10%. below average and in the lowest 10%. at or above national for the...
Read More

Primary IDSR – Pages 2 to 4

In the previous articles in this series, we had a look at EYFSP, Phonics, Key Stage 1 and 2 Attainment, Key Stage 2 Progress and Scattergraphs. In this article, we'll have a look at the remaining pages in the IDSR, pages 2 to 4. Key Stage 2 Trends over time Page 4 of your IDSR shows how your school has done compared to other schools over time. This shows a percentile ranking, from 1 to 100. A "1" means that you are in top 1% of schools, and a "100" means that you are in the bottom 1% of schools. Again, figures are greyed out if the cohort size is under 11, as Ofsted will not use results from such a small cohort size in isolation. But beware - if your cohort size is between 6 and 10, then Ofsted may use this data if they are looking at trends. Additionally, figures have a green box if they are significantly above average, and red if...
Read More

Primary IDSR – Key Stage 2 Scatterplots

In our previous articles, we looked at how Key Stage 1 and 2 Attainment and Key Stage 2 Progress is shown in the IDSR. In this article, we'll have a look at the Key Stage 2 progress and attainment Scatterplots or Scattergraphs are shown, and why. Progress Scatterplots In the scattergraphs there is: Key Stage 1 Average Points Score going across, with a score of 12 to 17.99 representing your Middle Prior Attainers, and Pupils' progress scores going up and down. For example, the pupil who is circled has a Key Stage 1 Average Point Score of 21 – that's level 3. For more details, please see our KS1 APS article. This Level 3 pupil got a progress score of approximately minus 13. This pupil, from the key at the bottom, is a non-disadvantaged boy who does not have SEN. How can you read these scatterplots? We generally divide them into 4 sections: The green section represents pupils who made much higher than expected...
Read More

How is Key Stage 2 Progress calculated?

In our series about the IDSR we had a look at how your school's Key Stage 2 Progress scores are shown in the IDSR in chart form, and the significance of your school's progress scores. In this article, we'll have a look at the calculation Your pupil's Scaled Scores In May, most of your pupils take exams in Reading, Writing and Grammar, Punctuation and Spelling. Their marks (also known as a "raw score") is then converted into a "scaled score" between 80 and 120, where 100 is a pass mark and 110 is a high score - the DfE decides after the exams how the scaled score conversion is to be done. For the pupils that didn't take the test, then your Teacher Assessment is converted in a Scaled Score of between 59 to 79. In 2017 and 2018, the conversion was as follows: Scaled scores P1i to P4 - between 59 and 61. Scaled scores P5 to P8 - between 63 and...
Read More

Primary IDSR – Key Stage 2 Progress Significance

In the previous article in this series, we had a look at how Key Stage 2 progress is represented in the IDSR. We saw that: The central dot represents your school's progress score, and The line represents a calculation of the cohort's confidence interval. In this article, we'll look at how Ofsted interprets this, and what significance it has to your school. Significance So how do we interpret these shapes? If the entirety of these shapes, the dot and the line, is to the right of the zero line, then your school is, in old money, significantly above average. If it is entirely to the left of the zero line, then you are significantly below average. If it even just touches the line, and you see that the Middle Prior Attainers just touches the line, then you are neither significantly above, nor significantly below – you are in line with the National Average. I say that this is old terminology, because nowadays there are...
Read More

Primary IDSR – EYFSP ELGs and Phonics Analysis

In this series of articles, we'll be looking at Ofsted's Inspection Data Summary Report (IDSR). In the previous article, we had a look at EYFSP Good Level of Development (GLD). In this article, we'll have a look at the remainder of the EYFSP analyses, and a look at the Phonics analysis. Early Years Foundation Stage Profile - ELGs Following the EYFSP GLD  analysis, the IDSR continues with the analysis of Reading ELG, Writing ELG and Mathematics ELGs. Just as in the EYFSP Good Level of Development analysis: The light blue bars represent the school's performance, The dark blue bars represent the school's performance for FSM pupils, The red lines represent the National Average for all pupils, The green lines represent the National Average for non-FSM pupils. For answers to the questions as to why your FSM pupils' performance is compared with the National non-FSM performance, and what represents a small cohort, please see the early EYFSP analysis. However, it is made more complicated by the...
Read More

Primary IDSR – EYFSP

This series of articles will be looking at Ofsted's Inspection Data Summary Report (IDSR). This article concentrates on the first of the EYFSP analyses, which is at the back of your IDSR report. EYFSP (Early Years Foundation Stage Profile) Good Level of Development (GLD) and ELGs (Early Learning Goals) There are four different analyses in the EYFSP pages. The article relates to the percentage of pupils achieving a Good Level of Development (GLD). This is one of main measures in EYFSP. What is a GLD? There are 17 Early Learning Goals (ELGs), and a pupil will obtain a GLD if they get Expected or Exceeding in the first 12, namely: Communication and Language (Listening and attention, Understanding, and Speaking), Physical Development (Moving and handling, and Health and self-care), Personal, Social and Emotional Development (Self-confidence and self-awareness, Managing feelings and behaviour, and Making relationships), Literacy (Reading, and Writing), and Mathematics (Numbers, and Shape, space and measures). If a pupil got a single "Emerging" in one of...
Read More