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Phonics

At the end of Year 1, typically in June, your children will sit the Phonics screening test.

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You can download this guide as an easy to read pdf booklet by clicking HERE


Introduction

At the end of Year 1, typically in June, your children will sit the Phonics screening test.

It involves asking your children to read 40 words, half of which are made up (these are called “alien” words, and have a picture of an alien next to them).

Any acceptable pronunciation, including regional variations, are allowed. For example, for the alien word “zook”, all regional pronunciations of the ‘oo’ sound were acceptable.

The pass mark per pupil is not known at the time of the tests, but is announced just before the last submission date (typically in late June). In 2018, the pass mark was pronouncing 32 words correctly, which has been the pass mark since the test’s launch in 2012.

Also in late June, the words used are also publically released. Previous years’ tests can be found here. It includes scoring guidance, pupils’ materials, and a practice sheet.

Any children who do not achieve the pass mark will be asked to retake the test at the same time in year 2, using that year’s test.


Measures

There are two main measures, which are published by the DfE for each LA and Nationally. They are not published for each school, although individual schools may publish them on their website.

Average number of words decoded

This measure is calculated by taking the mean average of the number of words correctly decoded.

Pupils who were absent (A) or did not take the test (D) are excluded from this measure.

The National average for this measure is not published in the Strategic first release (SFR) but is available in the ASP (Analyse School Performance).

In their Inspection Data Summary Report (IDSR), Ofsted calculates for an individual school the average number of words decoded for pupils who did not met the expected standard, but only if at least 11 pupils who were entered into the test did not meet this standard.

Percentage of pupils meeting the expected standard

This measure is calculated by taking the number of pupils who have met the expected standard (currently 32 out of 40 words or more) and dividing by the number of pupils in that cohort.

Pupils who were absent (A) or did not take the test (D) are included in this measure as “not having met the expected standard”.

When this phonics screening check was introduced in 2012, the National average was 58%. It then increased to 69% in 2013, 74% in 2014, and has been gradually rising ever since.

In 2018, the National average was 82.5% (79% for boys, 86% for girls).

Ofsted’s IDSR notes if 90% or more of a school’s pupils, or fewer than 70%, have met the expected standard.

The National Average for the percentage of pupils meeting the expected standard by the end of Year 2 in 2018 is 92%.

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Release of National and LA Averages

The initial release of Phonics screening check National and LA averages is generally in late September, and is on the Gov.uk website.

Individual school’s figures are not released publicly.

They are included in the Analyse School Performance (ASP) service and Ofsted’s IDSR in November, with typically a later release analysing the results of disadvantaged pupils.

Our ASaP report aims to make the ASP data easier to read.
It includes analyses of school’s results in plain English and with graphs.
 
Our ASP and IDSR online training includes several videos relating to phonics,
including how to read the IDSR charts, what the National Averages in the ASP
actually mean, and Points to Ponder.

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Points to Ponder

Was the percentage of year 1/year 2 pupils achieving the expected standard in phonics above the national figure?

  • Was it rising?
  • How did the attainment of disadvantaged pupils compare with the national figure for other pupils?
  • How did attainment vary between groups of pupils?

How did the phonics marks in year 2 compare with those in year 1 for pupils who did not meet the expected standard in year 1?

  • What strategies are now in place to help such pupils?

How did attainment the year 1 phonics and early years reading compare with Key Stage 1 reading for the same cohort?

  • For all pupils?
  • For disadvantaged pupils?

Are there any patterns of pupil groups who do well or groups who consistently do not reach the level required?

What additional support is in place for any current Year 3 pupils who did not achieve the level required when they were re-tested in the phonic retake?

  • Have SEN or other factors been explored?

For more “Points to Ponder” – download our ASP/IDSR Video Training by clicking HERE

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Click HERE to download it as a free pdf booklet.

Why not try the other Primary Assessment guides by clicking on the links below?

Early Years Foundation Stage Profile (EYFSP)

End of Key Stage 1 (Year 2)

Multiplication Tables Check (Year 4)

KS2 SATs Tests and Assessments (Year 6)

Or have a look at our guide to

Absence and Exclusion Figures

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